Use of Pine Needles as Substrate for Biogas Production

ASHISH KUMAR, Ruchi Devi, Sudhir Kumar

Abstract


This paper describes the results of an experimental investigation taken up to check the suitability and potential of the pine needles as substrate in biogas production under batch digester. There are various lignocellulosic biomasses for biofuel production but the use of pine needles has not been realized so much yet. In the present study two batch digesters (each having two plastic made buckets: one for fermentation and second as gas holder) was used. In the first digester cow dung named as DIGESTER1 and in the second digester named as DIGESTER2 ground pine needles were co-digested with cow dung was used as a substrate. The feed material was collected from local sources. In both the digesters; inoculum prepared from cow dung was used. Biogas production using cow dung and pine needles under batch digester has been compared under similar field conditions. In both digesters tap water was used to make slurry in a ratio of 1:15 by weight. The different parameters like Total solid, volatile solid are measured & pH, biogas production & temperature are measured on daily basis. The surrounding temperature range during the testing period was between 150C-230C and slurry temperature inside the digester was in range of 170C-260C. The total volume of biogas production of the 70 days in DIGESTER1 and DIGESTER2 was 2.47 and 5.30 litres respectively and thus observed that pine needles are better substrate in comparison to cow dung.


Keywords


Anaerobic digestion, Batch digester, Biogas, Cow dung, Pine needles (agricultural waste)

Full Text:

PDF

References


A. K. Tripathi, M. Kumari, A. Kumar, and S. Kumar, “Generation of biogas using pine needles as substrate in domestic biogas plant”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 716-721, 2015. (Article)

M. Chandran, A. R. Sinha, and R. B. S. Rawat, “Replacing controlled burning practice A. R. by Alternate methods of reducing fuel load in Himalayan Long leaf pine (Pinus roxburghii Sarg.) Forests”, International Wildland fire conference, Sun City, South Africa, pp. 9-13, 2011. (Conference Paper)

N. Ismail, and I. Abubakar, “Anaerobic Digestion of Cow dung for Biogas Production”, Asian Research Publishing Network Journal of Engineering and Applied Science, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 169-172, 2012. (Article)

M. M. Agwu, and I. K. Ogbu, “Biogas Production Using Cow Dung from Abakaliki Abattoir in South Eastern Nigeria”, International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, Vol. 3, No. 10, pp. 237-239, 2014. (Article)

W. Ossai, and O. U. Ifeanyi, “Analysis of Biogas Production from Cow Dung by Indigenous Microbial Consortia”, British Biotechnology Journal, Vol. 4, No. 5, pp. 630-639, 2014. (Article)

S. Mohan, and K. Jagadeesa, “Production of Biogas by Using Food Waste”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Application, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 390-394, 2013. (Article)

N. Riar, R. K. Khitoliya, and S. Kumar, “A Study of Treatability of Kitchen wet Waste and Biogas Production”, International Journal of Computational Engineering Research, Vol. 3, No. 6, pp. 62-65, 2013. (Article)

R. P. Agrahari, “Utilization of Kitchen Waste inside Green House Chamber: A Community Level Biogas Programs”, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Environmental, Ecological, Geological and Geophysical Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 12, pp. 627-631, 2013. (Article)

B. Kumari, and L. Wati, “Co Digestion of Cattle Dung and Rice Straw for Biogas Production”, EM International, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 11-15, 2011. (Article)

P. A. Ukpai, and M. N. Nnabuchi, “Comparative Study of Biogas Production from Cow Dung, Cow Pea, and Cassava Peeling using 45 Liters Biogas Digester”, Advanced in Applied Science Research, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp.1864-1869, 2012. (Article)

B. S. Sagagi, B. Garba, and N. S. Usman, “Studies on Biogas Production from Fruits and Vegetable wastes”, Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp.115-118, 2009. (Article)

P. N. Shukla, T. S. Bhalerao, and S. T. Ingle, “Comparative study of Biogas Production from Different Food Wastes”, Journal of Environmental Research and Development, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 958-963, 2010. (Article)

M. K. Ghosh, and U. K. Ghosh, “Utilization of Pine Needles as bed material in Solid State Fermentation for Production of Lactic Acid by Lactobacillus strains”, Bioresource, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 1556-1575, 2011. (Article)

L. Arsova, “Anaerobic digestion of food waste current status, problems and an alternative product”, Department of earth and Environmental Engineering foundation of Engineering and Applied Science Columbia University, 2010. (M.S. Thesis)

R. K. Somashekar, R. Verma, and M. A. Naik, “Potential of Biogas Production from Food Waste in a Uniquely Designed Reactor under Lab Condition”, The 1st IWWG-ARB Symposium, Hokkaido University, Japan, 18-21 March 2013. (Conference Paper)

Y. Voegeli, and C. Zurbrugg, “Decentralized Anaerobic Digestion of Kitchen and Market Waste in Developing Countries- “State –of –The-Art” In South India”, Proceedings of second International Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Waste Venice, Italy, pp.17- 20, 2008. (Conference Paper)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Online ISSN: 1309-0127

www.ijrer.org

ijrereditor@gmail.com; ilhcol@gmail.com;

IJRER is cited in SCOPUS, EBSCO, WEB of SCIENCE (Thomson Reuters)