A Case Study on Renewable Energy Management in an Eco-Village Community in Croatia – An Agent Based Approach

Igor Tomicic, Markus Schatten


An agent-based framework for modelling and simulation of resource management in self-sustainable human settlements is presented and tested on a realistic scenario including energy production with photovoltaic panels. The results of the simulation showed that the framework was able to prolong the self-sustainability of the observed settlement with regards to the overall energy production, storage and demands in the simulation environment. A detailed simulation analysis is provided, as well as system optimization using a number of heuristics. Specifically developed agent classes, behaviours and protocols are proposed that allow to model and simulate the dynamics of local resource production, storage and consumption in order to pursue and evaluate self-sustainability of a settlement at hand. The framework can be used by a modeler either to design and simulate a new self-sustainable system, or to evaluate and analyze an existing system. The presented framework enables considerable improvements in the design of a settlement and its resource production, consumption and storage elements, in regard to the context of self-sustainability.

Total Views: 524


self-sustainability, renewable energy, resource management, agents, framework, modelling, simulation

Full Text:



. I. Tomičić, M. Schatten, “Towards an Agent Based Framework for Modelling Smart Self-Sustainable Systems”. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems, 13(1), 57-70., 2015.

. I. Tomičić, M. Schatten, “Agent-based framework for modeling and simulation of resources in self-sustainable human settlements: a case study on water management in an eco-village community in Croatia”. International Journal of Sustainable Devel-opment & World Ecology, 1-10., 2016.

. P. Moriarty, D. Honnery, “Intermittent renewable energy: The only future source of hydrogen?”. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32(12), 1616-1624., 2007.

. M. Ni, D.Y. Leung, M.K. Leung, “A review on reforming bio-ethanol for hydro-gen production”. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32(15), 3238-3247., 2007.

. L. Atzori, A. Iera, G. Morabito, “The internet of things: A survey”. Computer networks, 54(15), 2787-2805, 2010.

. J.K. Hart, K. Martinez, “Toward an environmental Internet of Things”. Earth and Space Science, 2(5), 194-200, 2015.

. A. Caragliu, C. Del Bo, P. Nijkamp, “Smart cities in Europe”. Journal of urban technology, 18(2), 65-82., 2011.

. M. Schatten, “Smart Residential Buildings as Learning Agent Organizations in the Internet of Things”. Business Systems Research Journal, 5(1), 34-46., 2014.

. M. Schatten, J. Ševa, I. Tomičić, “A Roadmap for Scalable Agent Organizations in the Internet of Everything”. Journal of Systems and Software, in press, 2016.

. Z. Hu, S. Frénot, B. Tourancheau, G. Privat, “Iterative model-based identifica-tion of building components and appliances by means of sensor-actuator networks”. In Segovia, R., Zarli, A., Fies, B. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop organised by the EEB Data Models Community “EEBuilding Data Models”, 26-28 October 2011, Sophia Antipolis, France, Publications Office of the European Union: Luxembourg, pp. 216-226., 2011.

. I. Ayala, M. Amor, L. Fuentes, “An agent platform for self-configuring agents in the internet of things”. Third International Workshop on Infrastructures and Tools for Multiagent Systems, ITMAS, pp. 65-78., 2012.

. P. Vlacheas, R. Giaffreda, V. Stavroulaki, D. Kelaidonis, V. Foteinos, G. Pouli-os, P. Demestichas, A. Somov, A.R. Biswas, K. Moessner, “Enabling smart cities through a cognitive management framework for the internet of things.” Communica-tions Magazine, IEEE, 51(6), 102-111., 2013.

. E. Welbourne, L. Battle, G. Cole, K. Gould, K. Rector, S. Raymer, M. Bala-zinska, G. Borriello, “Building the internet of things using RFID: the RFID ecosystem experience”. Internet Computing, IEEE, 13(3), 48-55., 2009.

. S. Sharples, V. Callaghan, G. Clarke, “A multi-agent architecture for intelligent building sensing and control”. Sensor Review, 19(2), 135-140., 1999.

. R. Giladi, “Heterogeneous building automation and IP networks management”. Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, 2004. Proceedings. 24th International Con-ference on. IEEE, pp. 636-641., 2004.

. U. Rutishauser, A. Schafer, “Adaptive Building Automation. A multi-Agent ap-proach”. Research project, 7(20), 02., 2002.

. A.R. Khare, B.Y. Kumar, “Multiagent structures in hybrid renewable power sys-tem: A review”. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 7(6), 063101., 2015.

. T. Logenthiran, D. Srinivasan, “Multi-agent system for the operation of an inte-grated microgrid”. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 4(1), 013116., 2012.

. T. Logenthiran, D. Srinivasan, K.W.M. Vanessa, “Demand side management of smart grid: Load shifting and incentives”. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Ener-gy, 6(3), 033136., 2014.

. K. Su, J. Li, H. Fu, “Smart city and the applications”. Electronics, Communica-tions and Control (ICECC), 2011 International Conference on. IEEE, pp. 1028-1031., 2011.

. H. Qin, H. Li, X. Zhao, “Development status of domestic and foreign smart city”. Global Presence, 9, 50-52., 2010.

. M.F. Wood, S.A. DeLoach, “An overview of the multiagent systems engineering methodology”. Agent-Oriented Software Engineering. Springer Berlin Heidel-berg, pp. 207-221., 2001.

. H. Raiffa, “The art and science of negotiation”. Harvard University Press, 1982.

. R. Dumke, S. Mencke, C. Wille, “Quality Assurance of Agent-Based and Self-Managed Systems”. CRC Press., 2009.

. Meteonorm: Irradiation data for every place on Earth. Retrieved October 10, 2015 from: http://meteonorm.com/

. PVsyst Photovoltaic Software. Retrieved March 01, 2016 from: http://www.pvsyst.com/en/

. Wikipedia contributors. “Nominal power (photovoltaic)”. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved November 02, 2015 from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nominal_power_(photovoltaic)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Online ISSN: 1309-0127


ijrereditor@gmail.com; ilhcol@gmail.com;

IJRER is cited in SCOPUS, EBSCO, WEB of SCIENCE (Thomson Reuters)