Design and Feasibility Study of a 5 MW Bio-Power Plant in Nigeria

Toyese Oyegoke, Baba El-Yakubu Jibiril


This research design and establish the feasibility of building a bio-power plant in Nigeria from 50 ton sugarcane bagasse to produced 130 MWh or 5 MW per day per operation using a capital cost of $ 89 million, an operating cost of $ 81 million and an energy generation cost of 0.07 $/kWh (or 14.30 NGN/kWh). A biomass-fired combined heat and power technology (CHP) was adopted for the conversion of sugarcane bagasse to electricity. In the analysis of the bio-power plant, the heating value, energy generation and power supply duration were estimated and were used to determine the equipment cost. Both total capital investment and cost of operation were determine and were used for the assessment of the plant profitability. The analyses were carried out with the aid of a Matlab and Microsoft Excel 2013 software. The establishment of this plant was found to have net profit of $ 26 million, net present worth of $ 191 million, discounted payback period of 3.5 years, return on investment of 29 % and internal rate of return of 14 %. These investment criteria confirm that the investment will be economically viable if established in Nigeria based on the project parameters adopted. This will help in addressing the problems of power supply faced by Nigerian residents and industries. Also, this will link agriculture sector to energy industries which will also boost the level investment in the agriculture and rural community development.


Economic Feasibility, Bio-power Plant, Bagasse, Bioenergy, Biomass energy, Renewable Energy.

Full Text:



Diji, C.J., Ekpo, D.D and Adadu C.A., Design of a Biomass Power Plant for a Major Commercial Cluster in Ibadan - Nigeria, The International Journal Of Engineering And Science, 2013, 2(3):23-29.

New Standard Encyclopedia Dictionary, Chicago: Standard Educational Corporation, 1989.

Diji, C.J., Electricity Production from Biomass in Nigeria: Options, Prospects and Challenges, International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2013, 3(4):84-98.

Kulsum, A., Renewable Energy Technologies: A Review of the Statue and Costs of Selected Technologies, Washington D.C.: The International Bank of Reconstruct ion and Development/The World Bank, 1994.

NTI, Integrated Science, Nigeria Teachers’ Institute, Kaduna, ITS 416, Module 6, Unit 4, 2000, pp.128-131.

Obioh, I., and Fagbenle, R.O., Energy Systems: Vulnerability Adaptation Resilience (VAR). Hello International Research Journal in Engineering and Applied Sciences (ISSN: 2276-8467), 1(3):149-155, 2009.

Agba, A.M., Ushie, M.E., Abam, F.I., Agba, M.S., and Okoro J., Developing the Biofuel Industry for Effective Rural Transformation, European Journal of Scientific Research, 2010, 40(03):441-449.

Abiodun, O., Biofuel Opportunities and Development of Renewable Energies Markets in Africa, Biofuel Market Africa 2007 Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 2007.

Osaghae, O.J., Potential Biomass Based Electricity Generation in a Rural Community in Nigeria, Master Thesis, Department of Applied Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Division of Energy Engineering, Lulea University of Technology, 2009.

Seider, W.D., Seader, J.D. and Lewin, D.R., Product & Process Design Principles: Synthesis, Analysis and Evaluation, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Wiley International Edition, Second Edition, 2003, pp.488-558.

Elijah, I.O, Emerging Bio-ethanol Projects in Nigeria: Their Opportunities and Challenges. Energy Policy Reviews, 2010, 38(11):7161-7168.

Energy Information Administration (EIA), Biofuels Issues and Trends. USDA Washington, DC 20585. Retrieved trends/pdf/bit/pdf. Accessed 06/1/13.

African Development Fund (ADF), Project Appraisal Report: Partial Risk Guarantee in Support of the Power Sector Privatizations, December 2013, pp.8.

IEA, World energy balances 2009, OECD/IEA, Paris, 2009.

IRENA, Biomass for Power Generation, Renewable Energy Technologies: Cost Analysis Series, International Renewable Energy Agency, Vol. 1, Issue 1/5, 2012, pp. 5-9,17,32.

UNIDO, Deployment of Technologies for Sustainable Bioenergy: Towards an Agenda for International Cooperation, UNIDO, Vienna, 2009.

John, R.M., Biomass Energy Economics, Western Forest Economist 43rd Annual Meeting, May 7 2008.

NASS, Collaborative survey on National agricultural sample survey 2010/2011. National Bureau of Statistics and Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, 2012.

Richard, T., Richard, C.B., Wallace, B.W., Joseph, A.S., and Debangsu, B., Analysis, Synthesis and Design of Chemical Processes, Prentice Hall International, Pearson Education, Inc., New Jersey, Fourth Edition, 2012.

Gavin, T., and Ray, S., Chemical Engineering Design: Principles, Practice and Economic of Plant and Process Design, Butterworth-Heinemann, London, UK, 2012, pp.297-392.

Clean Energy Council, Australian bioenergy road map and biomass resource appraisal, Web:, 2008.

KEDCO, Funtua Business Unit Monthly Bill Report, Kano Electric Distribution Company KEDCO, Nigeria, June 2016.

Max, S.P., and Klaus, D.T., Plant Design Economics for Chemical Engineers, Singapore: McGraw-Hill International Edition, Fourth Edition, 1991.

Mott, M. D., Costs of Low-Carbon Generation Technologies. Committee on Climate Change, London, 2011.

Sambo A.S., Strategic Developments in Renewable Energy in Nigeria. International Association for Energy Economics, 2009.

Sinnott, R.K., Coulson & Richardson’s Chemical Engineering: Chemical Engineering Design, Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX28DP, Vol. 6, Fourth Edition, 2005, pp.245-275.


Online ISSN: 1309-0127;;

IJRER is cited in SCOPUS, EBSCO, WEB of SCIENCE (Thomson Reuters)