### Performance Analysis of Flower Pollination Algorithm Optimized PID Controller for Wind-PV-SMES-BESS-Diesel Autonomous Hybrid Power System

#### Abstract

Integration of the wind and solar power in an autonomous hybrid power system poses significant impacts on the system frequency affecting relay operation, consequence load disconnections, generation outage etc. leading to system collapse. An appropriate control strategy needs to be developed to maintain the system frequency within the permissible limit thus maintaining the stability of the power system. This paper presents a coordinated control strategy among the generating units in an autonomous hybrid power system comprising of wind turbine generator (WTG), the photovoltaic system (PV), diesel engine generator (DEG), battery energy storage system (BESS) and superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES). Proportional-Integral (PI) and Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) are employed with DEG, BESS, and SMES so as to adjust the output power in response to the change in loading and or output power variation of renewable sources. The parameters of the controllers are optimized using Flower Pollination Algorithm (FPA). The system dynamic responses obtained the PI and PID controllers are compared. Simulation results revealed that FPA optimized PID controller outperform PI controller. Further, to check the robustness of the controllers, sensitivity analysis has been carried out.

#### Total Views: 441

#### Keywords

#### Full Text:

PDF#### References

A. Niez, "Comparative study on rural electrification policies in emerging economies." (2010).

F. Blaabjerg, R. Teodorescu, M. Liserre, and A. V. Timbus, “Overview of control and grid synchronization for distributed power generation systems”, IEEE Transactions on industrial electronics, 53(5), pp.1398-1409, 2006.

S. Vachirasricirikul, and I. Ngamroo, “Robust controller design of heat pump and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle for frequency control in a smart microgrid based on specified-structure mixed H 2/H∞ control technique”, Applied energy, 88(11), pp.3860-3868, 2011.

A. C. Supriyadi, I. Ngamroo,S. Kaitwanidvilai, A. Kunakorn, T. Hashiguchi, and T. Goda,“Robust pitch controller design in hybrid wind-diesel power generation system”, In 2008 3rd IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (pp. 1054-1059). IEEE.

T. S. Bhatti, A.A.F. Al-Ademi, and N. K. Bansal, N.K, “Load frequency control of isolated wind diesel hybrid power systems”, Energy conversion and management, 38(9), pp.829-837, 1997.

T. Zhou, and B. François, “Energy management and power control of a hybrid active wind generator for distributed power generation and grid integration”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 58(1), pp.95-104, 2011.

C. Wang,and M. H. Nehrir, “Power management of a stand-alone wind/photovoltaic/fuel cell energy system”, IEEE transactions on energy conversion, 23(3), 957-967, 2008.

D. J Lee andL. Wang, “Small-signal stability analysis of an autonomous hybrid renewable energy power generation/energy storage system part I: time-domain simulations”, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 23(1), 311-320, 2008.

T. Senjyu, T. Nakaji, K. Uezato, and T. Funabashi, “A hybrid power system using alternative energy facilities in isolated island”, IEEE Transactions on energy conversion, 20(2), pp.406-414, 2005.

M. Nayeripour,M. Hoseintabar, M. and T. Niknam, “Frequency deviation control by coordination control of FC and double-layer capacitor in an autonomous hybrid renewable energy power generation system”, Renewable Energy, 36(6), pp.1741-1746, 2011.

D. C. Das, A. K. Roy and N. Sinha,“GA based frequency controller for solar thermal diesel–wind hybrid energy generation/energy storage system,”, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 43(1), 262-279, 2012.

D. C. Das, N. Sinha and A. K. Roy,“Small signal stability analysis of dish-Stirling solar thermal based autonomous hybrid energy system”, International Journal of Electrical Power& Energy Systems, 63, 485-498, 2014.

M. Taghizadeh, M. Hoseintabar and J. Faiz, “Frequency control of isolated WT/PV/SOFC/UC network with new control strategy for improving SOFC dynamic response”, International Transactions on Electrical Energy Systems, 25(9), 1748-1770, 2015.

M. Taghizadeh, M. Mardaneh and M. S. Sadeghi, “Fuzzy based frequency control in an isolated network employing parallel operated fuel cell/ultra-capacitor systems”, Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy,5(1), 013101, 2013.

T. Senjyu, D. Hayashi, N. Urasaki, and T. Funabashi, “Oscillation frequency control based on H-infinity controller for a small power system using renewable energy facilities in isolated island”, GM 2006 proceedings CD-ROM, pp.1-6.

T. Goya, E. Omine, Y. Kinjyo, T. Senjyu, A. Yona, N. Urasaki, et al. “Frequency control in isolated island by using parallel operated battery systems applying H∞ control theory based on droop characteristics. IET renewable power generation, 5(2), pp.160-166, 2011.

V. P. Singh, S. R. Mohanty, N. Kishor, and P. K. Ray, “Robust H-infinity load frequency control in hybrid distributed generation system”, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 46, pp.294-305, 2013.

V. J. Ginter and J. K. Pieper, “Robust gain scheduled control of a hydrokinetic turbine”, IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology,19(4), 805-817, 2011.

I. Pan and S. Das S, “Fractional order fuzzy control of hybrid power system with renewable generation using chaotic PSO”, ISA transactions, 62, 19-29, 2015.

S. Padhan S, R. K. Sahu and S. Panda, “Application of firefly algorithm for load frequency control of multi-area interconnected power system”, Electric Power Components and Systems 42.13: 1419-1430, 2014.

S. R. Mohanty, N. Kishor, and P. K. Ray, “Robust H-infinite loop shaping controller based on hybrid PSO and harmonic search for frequency regulation in hybrid distributed generation system,” Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 60, pp. 302–316, 2014.

G. Shankar and V. Mukherjee, “Load frequency control of an autonomous hybrid power system by quasi-oppositional harmony search algorithm,” Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 78, pp. 715–734, 2016.

A. Tah and D. Das, “Operation of small hybrid autonomous power generation system in isolated, interconnected and grid connected modes,” Sustain. Energy Technol. Assessments, vol. 17, pp. 11–25, 2016.

X. S. Yang, “Flower pollination algorithm for global optimization. In International Conference on Unconventional Computing and Natural Computation (pp. 240-249)”, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012.

M. E. Şahin, A. M. Sharaf andH. I. Okumuş, “A novel filter compensation scheme for single phase-self-excited induction generator micro wind generation system”,Scientific Research and Essays, 7(34), 3058-3072, 2012.

S. Wang, Y. Tang, J. Shi, K. Gong, Y. Liu, L. Ren, et al. “Design and advanced control strategies of a hybrid energy storage system for the grid integration of wind power generations”, IET Renewable Power Generation, 9(2), pp.89-98, 2015.

S. Nomura, T. Shintomi, S. Akita, T. Nitta, R. Shimada and S. Meguro, “Technical and cost evaluation on SMES for electric power compensation”, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 20(3), pp.1373-1378, 2010.

D. H. Doughty, P. C. Butler, A. A. Akhil, N. H. Clark and J. D. Boyes, “Batteries for large-scale stationary electrical energy storage” The Electrochemical Society Interface, 19(3), pp.49-53, 2010

M. H. Ali, B. Wu andR. A. Dougal, “An overview of SMES applications in power and energy systems”, IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 1(1), 38-47, 2010.

### Refbacks

- There are currently no refbacks.

Online ISSN: 1309-0127

www.ijrer.org

ijrereditor@gmail.com; ilhcol@gmail.com;

IJRER is cited in SCOPUS, EBSCO, WEB of SCIENCE (Thomson Reuters)