Experimental Investigation of Harmonics in a Grid-Tied Solar Photovoltaic System

Megha Khatri, Atul Kumar

Abstract


The power quality issues in the grid tied solar photovoltaic system are important to address to know the actual power production and consumption in the existing system. This paper investigates the presence of voltage and current harmonics due to the linear, nonlinear loads and the reactive power transferred between plant, grid and load. The digital power analyzers are kept in the system to know the amount of power import and export between the plant and grid, so as to serve the load. In order to control the effect of harmonics a compensator in incorporated in the phase locked loop of the inverter as well as a power quality conditioner is connected at the point of common coupling. It has been found that by switching the compensator unit, the quality of power and power factor of the system gets improved and it also reduces the export of reactive power to the load so as to obtain the reliable and efficient operation of the grid tied solar photovoltaic system.


Total Views: 228

Keywords


Total Harmonic Distortions,Power Quality,Solar Inverters, Grid Connected PV.

Full Text:

PDF

References


M. A. Eltawil and Z. Zhao,“Grid-connected photovoltaic power systems: Technical and potential problems- A review”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 14, pp. 112–129, 2010.

A.Kalbat, “ PSCAD Simulation of Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Systems and Total Harmonic Distortion Analysis”, 3rd International Conference on Electric Power and Enegy Conversion Systems, pp. 1-6, Oct 2013.

A. Reznik, M. G. Simoes, A. Al-Durra and S. M. Muyeen, “LCL Filter Design and Performance Analysis for Grid Interconnected Systems”, Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 1225-1232, March-April 2014.

Danny Li et al., “A study of grid-connected photovoltaic PV system in Hong Kong”, Applied Energy, vol. 90, pp. 222-227, 2012.

N. W. A. Lidula and A. D. Rajapakse, “Microgrids research: a review of experimental microgrids and test systems”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 186–202, 2011.

M. I. Azim, M. F. Rahman, T. Sarkar, “Hysteresis Current Control and Filtration”, International Journal of Applied Information Systems, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1-4, April, 2014.

T. Nacer et al., “Feasibility study and electric power flow of grid connected photovoltaic dairy farm in Mitidja (Algeria)”, Energy Procedia, vol. 50, pp. 581-588, 2014.

J. M. Espi Huerta, J. Castello, J. R. Fischer and R. Garcia-Gil, “A synchronous reference frame robust predictive current control for three phase grid connected inverter”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 57, no. 3,pp. 954-962, March 2010.

L. R. Limongi, R. Bojoi, C. Pica, F. Profumo, and A. Tenconi, “Analysis and comparison of phase locked loop techniques for grid utility applications”, Proceeding PCC APOS, Nagoya, Japan, pp. 674-681, 2007.

H.B. Hu, S. Harb, N. Kutkut, I. Batarseh and Z.J. Shen, “A Review of Power Decoupling Techniques for Microinverters with Three Different Decoupling Capacitor Locations in PV Ststem”, IEEE Power Electronics, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 2711-2726, June 2013.

U. Jahn and W. Nasse, “Operation performance of grid-connected PV systems on buildings in Germany”, Progress in Photo-voltaics Research and Applications, vol. 12, pp. 441-448, 2004.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Online ISSN: 1309-0127

www.ijrer.org

ijrereditor@gmail.com; ilhcol@gmail.com;

IJRER is cited in SCOPUS, EBSCO, WEB of SCIENCE (Thomson Reuters)